Drucker


© Dezember 2020, letzte Änderung am 30.12.21

Themen

Auswahl eines Druckers

Allgemein kann man sagen dass nicht jeder Hersteller einen Linux-Treiber zur Verfügung stellt.
Daher ist es sinnvoll vorher zu gucken, ob Treiber zur Verfügung stehen.
Allgemein kann man sagen, dass Multifunktions-Geräte schlechter unterstützt werden
als z.B. reine Drucker, reine Faxgeräte, reine Scanner, etc.

Zum Anfang

Druckerinstallation

Ich hatte mir vor langer Zeit 2013 einen Farblaser-Drucker Brother HL-3040cn zugelegt,
weil die Tintenstrahldrucker bei mir immer eingetrocknet sind.
Daher möchte ihn als repräsentatives Beispiel verwenden für eine Installation auf DEB 10.

Zunächst sind die Druckertreiber von der entsprechenden Seite runter zu laden.
In diesem Fall ist es die Seite   support.brother.com   Support & Downloads HL-3040CN

Hier bin ich dann auf   Downloads > Linux (deb) > ok   gegangen und bin dann,
mangels Deutschem Treiber, auf der Seite mit den Englischen Treiber gelandet.
support.brother.com   Downloads HL-3040CN

Dort habe ich dann, das   Driver Install Tool   runter geladen,
welches sich nun in ~/Downloads befindet.

Die Datei, hier linux-brprinter-installer-2.2.2-1.gz muss erst einmal entpackt werden.
Da beim Entpacken, die .gz Datei verschwindet, habe ich vorher eine Kopie gesichert.

gunzip linux-brprinter-installer-2.2.2-1.gz

su
mkdir /var/spool/lpd                             erleichert einem das Leben

apt install lib32gcc1 lib32stdc++6 libc6-i386

bash linux-brprinter-installer-2.2.2-1 HL-3040CN
You are going to install following packages.
   hl3040cnlpr-1.1.2-1.i386.deb
   hl3040cncupswrapper-1.1.2-2.i386.deb
OK? [y/N] ->

Dies bestätige ich mit Y und bekomme einen Schwall an Text wie folgt

=========================================
Brother License Agreement

Brother retains any and all copyrights to the Software. 
In no case this Agreement shall be construed to assign or otherwise transfer from Brother to User 
any copyrights or other intellectual property rights to whole or any part of the Software.

Brother grants User a non-exclusive license: 
to reproduce and/or distribute (via Internet or in any other manner) the Software. 
Further, Brother grants User a non-exclusive license to modify, alter, translate or 
otherwise prepare derivative works of the Software 
and to reproduce and distribute (via Internet or in any other manner) such modification, 
alteration, translation or other derivative works for any purpose.

The license of the Software from Brother hereunder is granted "AS IS." 
BROTHER HEREBY DISCLAIMS ANY WARRANTIES WITH RESPECT TO THE SOFTWARE, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, 
INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO WARRANTY FOR THE QUALITY, 
MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR NON-INFRINGEMENT.
Brother shall have no liability in contract, tort (including negligence or breach of statutory duty) 
or otherwise for any interruption of use, loss of data, or for any indirect, incidental, 
punitive or consequential loss or damage, or for any loss of profit, revenue, data, 
goodwill or anticipated savings that arises under, out of, 
or in contemplation of this Agreement or otherwise arises due to any error, 
inaccuracy or defect in the Software 
even if Brother has been advised of the possibility of such loss or damage.
Further, Brother shall have no liability to disclose and/or distribute the source cord of the Software 
to User under any circumstances. 
In no case shall the above license by Brother to modify, alter, 
translate or otherwise prepare derivative works of the Software be construed 
as Brother's implied agreement 
or undertakings to disclose and/or distribute the source cord of the Software.
=========================================
Do you agree? [Y/n] ->

Man bestätigt wieder mit Y dass sie für nichts garantieren...

Der harmlose Text in voller Länge neu umgebrochen…

wget -T 10 -nd --no-cache http://www.brother.com/pub/bsc/linux/packages/hl3040cnlpr-1.1.2-1.i386.deb
--2020-12-14 15:09:11--  http://www.brother.com/pub/bsc/linux/packages/hl3040cnlpr-1.1.2-1.i386.deb
Resolving www.brother.com (www.brother.com)... 23.8.0.148
Connecting to www.brother.com (www.brother.com)|23.8.0.148|:80... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
Length: 605910 (592K) [application/x-troff-man]
Saving to: ‘hl3040cnlpr-1.1.2-1.i386.deb’

hl3040cnlpr-1.1.2-1 100%[===================>] 591.71K  1.65MB/s    in 0.3s    

2020-12-14 15:09:12 (1.65 MB/s) - ‘hl3040cnlpr-1.1.2-1.i386.deb’ saved [605910/605910]


=========================================
GPL License Agreement

This Software may be used in accordance with GNU General Public License (GPL). 
Please read carefully the following GPL and click on "I Accept" button. 
If you cannot agree with the following terms, please click "I don't Accept" button. 
In case of your non-acceptance, you can not use this Software.
Note:
Please click on "I Accept" while holding down "Shift" 
or right click on "I Accept" and select "Save Target As,,," from the menu.

GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE
Version 2, June 1991

Copyright (C) 1989, 1991 Free Software Foundation, 
Inc.51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license document, 
but changing it is not allowed.

Preamble

The licenses for most software are designed to take away your freedom to share and change it. 
By contrast, the GNU General Public License is intended to guarantee your freedom to share 
and change free software--to make sure the software is free for all its users. 
This General Public License applies to most of the Free Software Foundation's software 
and to any other program whose authors commit to using it. 
(Some other Free Software Foundation software is covered by
the GNU Library General Public License instead.) You can apply it to your programs, too.

When we speak of free software, we are referring to freedom, not price. 
Our General Public Licenses are designed to make sure that you have the freedom to distribute copies 
of free software (and charge for this service if you wish), 
that you receive source code or can get it if you want it, 
that you can change the software or use pieces of it in new free programs; 
and that you know you can do these things.

To protect your rights, we need to make restrictions that forbid anyone to deny you these rights 
or to ask you to surrender the rights. 
These restrictions translate to certain responsibilities for you 
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And you must show them these terms so they know their rights.

We protect your rights with two steps: (1) copyright the software, 
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The precise terms and conditions for copying, distribution and modification follow.

GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE
TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR COPYING, DISTRIBUTION AND MODIFICATION

0. This License applies to any program 
   or other work which contains a notice placed by the copyright holder 
   saying it may be distributed under the terms of this General Public License. 
   The "Program", below, refers to any such program or work, 
   and a "work based on the Program" means either the Program 
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   Each licensee is addressed as "you".

Activities other than copying, distribution and modification are not covered by this License; 
they are outside its scope. The act of running the Program is not restricted, 
and the output from the Program is covered only if its contents constitute 
a work based on the Program (independent of having been made by running the Program). 
Whether that is true depends on what the Program does.

1. You may copy and distribute verbatim copies of the Program's source code as you receive it, 
   in any medium, provided that you conspicuously 
   and appropriately publish on each copy an appropriate copyright notice and disclaimer of warranty; 
   keep intact all the notices that refer to this License and to the absence of any warranty; 
   and give any other recipients of the Program a copy of this License along with the Program.

   You may charge a fee for the physical act of transferring a copy, 
   and you may at your option offer warranty protection in exchange for a fee.

2. You may modify your copy or copies of the Program or any portion of it, 
   thus forming a work based on the Program, and copy and distribute such modifications 
   or work under the terms of Section 1 above, provided that you also meet all of these conditions:

   a) You must cause the modified files to carry prominent notices stating that you changed the files 
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   b) You must cause any work that you distribute or publish, that in whole or in part contains 
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   c) If the modified program normally reads commands interactively when run, you must cause it, 
      when started running for such interactive use in the most ordinary way, to print or display an
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      and a notice that there is no warranty (or else, saying that you provide a warranty) 
      and that users may redistribute the program under these conditions, 
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      These requirements apply to the modified work as a whole. 
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      whose permissions for other licensees extend to the entire whole, 
      and thus to each and every part regardless of who wrote it.

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      In addition, mere aggregation of another work not based on the Program with the Program 
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3. You may copy and distribute the Program (or a work based on it, under Section 2) 
   in object code or executable form under the terms of Sections 1 and 2 above 
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even though third parties are not compelled to copy the source along with the object code.

4. You may not copy, modify, sublicense, or distribute the Program except 
   as expressly provided under this License. 
   Any attempt otherwise to copy, modify, sublicense or distribute the Program is void, 
   and will automatically terminate your rights under this License. 
   However, parties who have received copies, or rights, 
   from you under this License will not have their licenses terminated 
   so long as such parties remain in full compliance.

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   However, nothing else grants you permission to modify or distribute the Program or its derivative works. 
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   For example, if a patent license would not permit royalty-free redistribution 
   of the Program by all those who receive copies directly or indirectly through you, 
   then the only way you could satisfy both it 
   and this License would be to refrain entirely from distribution of the Program.

   If any portion of this section is held invalid or unenforceable under any particular circumstance, 
   the balance of the section is intended to apply 
   and the section as a whole is intended to apply in other circumstances.

   It is not the purpose of this section to induce you to infringe any patents 
   or other property right claims or to contest validity of any such claims; 
   this section has the sole purpose of protecting the integrity 
   of the free software distribution system, 
   which is implemented by public license practices. 
   Many people have made generous contributions to the wide range of software 
   distributed through that system in reliance on consistent application of that system; 
   it is up to the author/donor to decide 
   if he or she is willing to distribute software through any other system 
   and a licensee cannot impose that choice.

   This section is intended to make thoroughly clear 
   what is believed to be a consequence of the rest of this License.

8. If the distribution and/or use of the Program is restricted in certain countries 
   either by patents or by copyrighted interfaces, 
   the original copyright holder who places the Program under this License 
   may add an explicit geographical distribution limitation excluding those countries, 
   so that distribution is permitted only in or among countries not thus excluded. 
   In such case, this License incorporates the limitation as if written in the body of this License.

9. The Free Software Foundation may publish revised and/or 
   new versions of the General Public License from time to time. 
   Such new versions will be similar in spirit to the present version, 
   but may differ in detail to address new problems or concerns.

   Each version is given a distinguishing version number. 
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   and "any later version", you have the option of following the terms and conditions 
   either of that version or of any later version published by the Free Software Foundation. 
   If the Program does not specify a version number of this License, 
   you may choose any version ever published by the Free Software Foundation.

10. If you wish to incorporate parts of the Program into other free programs 
    whose distribution conditions are different, write to the author to ask for permission. 
    For software which is copyrighted by the Free Software Foundation, 
    write to the Free Software Foundation; we sometimes make exceptions for this. 
    Our decision will be guided by the two goals of preserving the free status of all derivatives 
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NO WARRANTY

11. BECAUSE THE PROGRAM IS LICENSED FREE OF CHARGE, 
    THERE IS NO WARRANTY FOR THE PROGRAM, TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW. 
    EXCEPT WHEN OTHERWISE STATED IN WRITING THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS 
    AND/OR OTHER PARTIES PROVIDE THE PROGRAM "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, 
    EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, 
    THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. 
    THE ENTIRE RISK AS TO THE QUALITY AND PERFORMANCE OF THE PROGRAM IS WITH YOU. 
    SHOULD THE PROGRAM PROVE DEFECTIVE, YOU ASSUME THE COST OF ALL NECESSARY SERVICING, REPAIR OR CORRECTION.

12. IN NO EVENT UNLESS REQUIRED BY APPLICABLE LAW OR AGREED TO IN WRITING WILL ANY COPYRIGHT HOLDER, 
    OR ANY OTHER PARTY WHO MAY MODIFY AND/OR REDISTRIBUTE THE PROGRAM AS PERMITTED ABOVE, 
    BE LIABLE TO YOU FOR DAMAGES, INCLUDING ANY GENERAL, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL 
    OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE THE PROGRAM 
    (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOSS OF DATA OR DATA BEING RENDERED INACCURATE 
    OR LOSSES SUSTAINED BY YOU OR THIRD PARTIES OR A FAILURE OF THE PROGRAM 
    TO OPERATE WITH ANY OTHER PROGRAMS), 
    EVEN IF SUCH HOLDER OR OTHER PARTY HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.

END OF TERMS AND CONDITIONS

How to Apply These Terms to Your New Programs

If you develop a new program, and you want it to be of the greatest possible use to the public, 
the best way to achieve this is to make it free software 
which everyone can redistribute and change under these terms.

To do so, attach the following notices to the program. 
It is safest to attach them to the start of each source file 
to most effectively convey the exclusion of warranty; 
and each file should have at least the "copyright" line 
and a pointer to where the full notice is found.


Copyright (C)  

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it 
under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published 
by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, 
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY 
or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program; 
if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA


Also add information on how to contact you by electronic and paper mail.

If the program is interactive, make it output a short notice like this when it starts in an interactive mode:

Gnomovision version 69, Copyright (C) year name of author Gnomovision
comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY; for details type `show w'.
This is free software, and you are welcome to redistribute it
under certain conditions; type `show c' for details.

The hypothetical commands `show w' and `show c' should show the appropriate parts 
of the General Public License. 
Of course, the commands you use may be called something other than `show w' and `show c'; 
they could even be mouse-clicks or menu items--whatever suits your program.

You should also get your employer (if you work as a programmer) or your school, 
if any, to sign a "copyright disclaimer" for the program, if necessary. Here is a sample; alter the names:

Yoyodyne, Inc., hereby disclaims all copyright interest in the program
`Gnomovision' (which makes passes at compilers) written by James Hacker.

, 1 April 1989
Ty Coon, President of Vice

This General Public License does not permit incorporating your program into proprietary programs. 
If your program is a subroutine library, 
you may consider it more useful to permit linking proprietary applications with the library. 
If this is what you want to do, use the GNU Library General Public License instead of this License.
=========================================

Do you agree? [Y/n] ->

Danach wird der, bereits oben erwähnte, CUPSwrapper geladen.

wget -T 10 -nd --no-cache http://www.brother.com/pub/bsc/linux/packages/hl3040cncupswrapper-1.1.2-2.i386.deb
--2020-12-14 15:11:34--  http://www.brother.com/pub/bsc/linux/packages/hl3040cncupswrapper-1.1.2-2.i386.deb
Resolving www.brother.com (www.brother.com)... 23.8.0.148
Connecting to www.brother.com (www.brother.com)|23.8.0.148|:80... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
Length: 12580 (12K) [application/x-troff-man]
Saving to: ‘hl3040cncupswrapper-1.1.2-2.i386.deb’

hl3040cncupswrapper 100%[===================>]  12.29K  --.-KB/s    in 0.006s  

2020-12-14 15:11:35 (2.06 MB/s) - ‘hl3040cncupswrapper-1.1.2-2.i386.deb’ saved [12580/12580]

Get:1 http://security.debian.org/debian-security buster/updates InRelease [65.4 kB]
Get:2 http://deb.debian.org/debian buster InRelease [121 kB]
Get:3 http://deb.debian.org/debian buster-updates InRelease [51.9 kB]
Get:4 http://security.debian.org/debian-security buster/updates/main Sources [156 kB]
Get:5 http://security.debian.org/debian-security buster/updates/main amd64 Packages [255 kB]
Get:6 http://deb.debian.org/debian buster/contrib Sources [42.5 kB]
Get:7 http://deb.debian.org/debian buster/main Sources [7,842 kB]
Get:8 http://security.debian.org/debian-security buster/updates/main Translation-en [139 kB]
Get:9 http://deb.debian.org/debian buster/main amd64 Packages [7,907 kB]       
Get:10 http://deb.debian.org/debian buster/main Translation-en [5,971 kB]      
Get:11 http://deb.debian.org/debian buster/main amd64 Contents (deb) [37.3 MB] 
Get:12 http://deb.debian.org/debian buster/contrib amd64 Packages [50.2 kB]    
Get:13 http://deb.debian.org/debian buster/contrib Translation-en [44.2 kB]    
Get:14 http://deb.debian.org/debian buster/contrib amd64 Contents (deb) [103 kB]
Fetched 60.1 MB in 37s (1,617 kB/s)                                            
Reading package lists... Done
N: Repository 'http://deb.debian.org/debian buster InRelease' changed its 'Version' value from '10.6' to '10.7'
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree       
Reading state information... Done
Package ia32-libs is not available, but is referred to by another package.
This may mean that the package is missing, has been obsoleted, or
is only available from another source
However the following packages replace it:
  lib32z1

E: Package 'ia32-libs' has no installation candidate
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree       
Reading state information... Done
The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required:
  lightning linux-headers-4.19.0-10-amd64 linux-headers-4.19.0-10-common
  linux-image-4.19.0-10-amd64
Use 'apt autoremove' to remove them.
The following additional packages will be installed:
  lib32gcc1 libc6-i386
The following NEW packages will be installed:
  lib32gcc1 lib32stdc++6 libc6-i386
0 upgraded, 3 newly installed, 0 to remove and 141 not upgraded.
Need to get 3,326 kB of archives.
After this operation, 16.0 MB of additional disk space will be used.
Do you want to continue? [Y/n] 

Nocheinmal ist Y einzugeben…

Get:1 http://deb.debian.org/debian buster/main amd64 libc6-i386 amd64 2.28-10 [2,872 kB]
Get:2 http://deb.debian.org/debian buster/main amd64 lib32gcc1 amd64 1:8.3.0-6 [47.9 kB]
Get:3 http://deb.debian.org/debian buster/main amd64 lib32stdc++6 amd64 8.3.0-6 [407 kB]
Fetched 3,326 kB in 2s (1,657 kB/s)
Selecting previously unselected package libc6-i386.
(Reading database ... 307376 files and directories currently installed.)
Preparing to unpack .../libc6-i386_2.28-10_amd64.deb ...
Unpacking libc6-i386 (2.28-10) ...
Selecting previously unselected package lib32gcc1.
Preparing to unpack .../lib32gcc1_1%3a8.3.0-6_amd64.deb ...
Unpacking lib32gcc1 (1:8.3.0-6) ...
Selecting previously unselected package lib32stdc++6.
Preparing to unpack .../lib32stdc++6_8.3.0-6_amd64.deb ...
Unpacking lib32stdc++6 (8.3.0-6) ...
Setting up libc6-i386 (2.28-10) ...
Setting up lib32gcc1 (1:8.3.0-6) ...
Setting up lib32stdc++6 (8.3.0-6) ...
Processing triggers for libc-bin (2.28-10) ...
dpkg -x hl3040cnlpr-1.1.2-1.i386.deb /
dpkg -x hl3040cncupswrapper-1.1.2-2.i386.deb /
dpkg-deb: building package 'hl3040cnlpr' in 'hl3040cnlpr-1.1.2-1a.i386.deb'.
dpkg -b ./brother_driver_packdir hl3040cnlpr-1.1.2-1a.i386.deb
dpkg-deb: building package 'hl3040cncupswrapper' in 'hl3040cncupswrapper-1.1.2-2a.i386.deb'.
dpkg -b ./brother_driver_packdir hl3040cncupswrapper-1.1.2-2a.i386.deb
dpkg -i --force-all hl3040cnlpr-1.1.2-1a.i386.deb
dpkg: warning: 'ldconfig' not found in PATH or not executable
dpkg: warning: 'start-stop-daemon' not found in PATH or not executable
dpkg: warning: overriding problem because --force enabled:
dpkg: warning: 2 expected programs not found in PATH or not executable
Note: root's PATH should usually contain /usr/local/sbin, /usr/sbin and /sbin
dpkg: warning: overriding problem because --force enabled:
dpkg: warning: package architecture (i386) does not match system (amd64)
Selecting previously unselected package hl3040cnlpr:i386.
(Reading database ... 307689 files and directories currently installed.)
Preparing to unpack hl3040cnlpr-1.1.2-1a.i386.deb ...
Unpacking hl3040cnlpr:i386 (1.1.2-1) ...
Setting up hl3040cnlpr:i386 (1.1.2-1) ...
dpkg -i --force-all hl3040cncupswrapper-1.1.2-2a.i386.deb
dpkg: warning: 'ldconfig' not found in PATH or not executable
dpkg: warning: 'start-stop-daemon' not found in PATH or not executable
dpkg: warning: overriding problem because --force enabled:
dpkg: warning: 2 expected programs not found in PATH or not executable
Note: root's PATH should usually contain /usr/local/sbin, /usr/sbin and /sbin
dpkg: warning: overriding problem because --force enabled:
dpkg: warning: package architecture (i386) does not match system (amd64)
Selecting previously unselected package hl3040cncupswrapper:i386.
(Reading database ... 307729 files and directories currently installed.)
Preparing to unpack hl3040cncupswrapper-1.1.2-2a.i386.deb ...
Unpacking hl3040cncupswrapper:i386 (1.1.2-1) ...
Setting up hl3040cncupswrapper:i386 (1.1.2-1) ...
Restarting cups (via systemctl): cups.service.
/opt/brother/Printers/hl3040cn/cupswrapper/cupswrapperhl3040cn: 1: /opt/brother/Printers/hl3040cn/cupswrapper/cupswrapperhl3040cn: lpinfo: not found
/opt/brother/Printers/hl3040cn/cupswrapper/cupswrapperhl3040cn: 1: /opt/brother/Printers/hl3040cn/cupswrapper/cupswrapperhl3040cn: lpinfo: not found
/opt/brother/Printers/hl3040cn/cupswrapper/cupswrapperhl3040cn: 308: /opt/brother/Printers/hl3040cn/cupswrapper/cupswrapperhl3040cn: lpadmin: not found
###############################ls: cannot access '/usr/share/ppd/*.ppd': No such file or directory
ls: cannot access '/usr/share/cups/model/*.ppd': No such file or directory
#

0: beh
1: socket
2: https
3: ipp
4: http
5: ipps
6: cups-brf:/
7: lpd
8: dnssd://Brother%20HL-3040CN%20series._ipp._tcp.local/
9: lpd://BRN001BA9A242E8/BINARY_P1
10 (I): Specify IP address.
11 (A): Auto. (dnssd://Brother%20HL-3040CN%20series._ipp._tcp.local/)

select the number of destination Device URI. ->

Da ich den Drucker nicht über USB, sondern im LAN angeschlossen habe,
ist nun 9: lpd://BRN001BA9A242E8/BINARY_P1 auszuwählen.

Da ich fälschlicherweise 7 gewählt habe, kommt eine Fehlermeldung.
Das ist aber nicht weiter schlimm, da ich das später noch korrigieren kann.

/usr/sbin/lpadmin -p HL3040CN -v lpd -E
lpadmin: Bad device-uri "lpd".
Test Print? [y/N] ->N

ls: cannot access '/etc/udev/rules.d/*.rules': No such file or directory
apt-get install libusb-0.1-4
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree       
Reading state information... Done
The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required:
  lightning linux-headers-4.19.0-10-amd64 linux-headers-4.19.0-10-common
  linux-image-4.19.0-10-amd64
Use 'apt autoremove' to remove them.
The following NEW packages will be installed:
  libusb-0.1-4
0 upgraded, 1 newly installed, 0 to remove and 141 not upgraded.
Need to get 23.4 kB of archives.
After this operation, 59.4 kB of additional disk space will be used.
Get:1 http://deb.debian.org/debian buster/main amd64 libusb-0.1-4 amd64 2:0.1.12-32 [23.4 kB]
Fetched 23.4 kB in 0s (169 kB/s)  
Selecting previously unselected package libusb-0.1-4:amd64.
(Reading database ... 307733 files and directories currently installed.)
Preparing to unpack .../libusb-0.1-4_2%3a0.1.12-32_amd64.deb ...
Unpacking libusb-0.1-4:amd64 (2:0.1.12-32) ...
Setting up libusb-0.1-4:amd64 (2:0.1.12-32) ...
Processing triggers for libc-bin (2.28-10) ...

Das Terminal-Fenster kann nun geschlossen werden.

Um zur CUPS Konfiguration zu gelangen,
kann ich in einen Browser folgende URL eingeben http://localhost:631/printers.

CUPS > Drucker

Hier wähle ich nun folgendes
Verwaltung > Drucker hinzufügen

Man wird dann aufgefordert, einen Benutzernamen einzugeben.
Damit es funktioniert, ist root erforderlich.

CUPS > Verwaltung > Authentifizierung

Im folgenden, kann ich einfach meinen Netzwerkdrucker auswählen.

CUPS > Verwaltung > Drucker hinzufügen

Sollte das nicht möglich sein, kann man auch über die Funktion
Andere Netzwerkdrucker > LPD/LPR-Host oder -Drucker gehen.
Danach ist entweder die IP-Adresse oder besser der Name einzugeben.

Entsprechend heisst die Zeile dann in meinen Fall:
    lpd://192.168.1.8/binary_p1
oder lpd://BRN001BA9A242E8/binary_p1

CUPS > Verwaltung > Druckerverbindung

Optional kann man dem Tier noch einen Namen geben…

CUPS > Drucker-Name, -Beschreibung

Dann den Hersteller auswählen, hier Brother.

CUPS > Drucker-Hersteller

Und dann den eigenen Drucker auswählen und den Knpof "Drucker hinzufügen" auswählen.
Früher hieß das dann "current Driver", statt "Brother HL3040CN".

CUPS > Drucker-Modell

Früher war es dann noch erforderlich das passende Papierformat auszuwählen.
Das ist nun automatisch wie gewünscht ausgewählt und braucht nur noch bestätigt werden.

CUPS > Drucker Standardeinstellungen

Sind alle Einstellungen wie gewünscht, kann ich dies als Standardeinstellungen festlegen.

Der Drucker selber hat noch eine Webseite brn001ba9a242e8.fritz.box,
welche man nutzen kann um z.B. den Tonerstatus zu erfahren.
Damit der Drucker nicht immer nach Hause telefonieren kann
und er keine Löcher von innen in die Firewall bohrt,
kann man das in der FritzBox Port-Konfiguration unterbinden.

Zum Anfang

Testseite drucken

Auf der Seite   Drucker > HL-3040CN > Wartung > Testseite drucken
kann ich nun überprüfen ob ein Ausdruck klappt.

CUPS > Drucker Wartung > Testdruck

Sollte nichts passieren, ist es unter Umständen am einfachsten via Synaptic
den Druckertreiber und Wrapper "hl3040…" zu de-installieren
und wieder von vorne anzufangen.

hl3040cn de-installieren

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In lokale Datei drucken

Manchmal ist es sehr hilfreich, statt auf Papier, in eine PDF-Datei zu drucken.
Dies kann man erreichen, indem man cups-pdf installiert.

in Datei drucken

In der Verwaltung unter http://localhost:631/printers finde ich nun noch einen Drucker Namens PDF,
welchen ich ebenso konfigurieren kann, wie den anderen Drucker.

Das Druckergebnis landet im Home-Verzeicnis unter ~/PDF.
Weitere Tips wie Speicherort ändern, gleiche Dateien nicht überschreiben, etc.
siehe wiki.ubuntuusers.de CUPS-PDF.

low- level commands

Eigentlich ist das Drucksystem mittlerweile recht stabil geworden,
sodass die folgenden Kommandos eigentlich nicht mehr nötig sind.

/etc/init.d/lpr                        restart des Drucker-Systems

                           CUPS-printer per Hand konfigurieren
                                       -E encription
                                       -p printer name
                                       -v device-uri
lpadmin -E -p HL3040CN -v lpd://BRN001BA9A242E8/BINARY_P1 

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Scanner

Den USB-Scanner CanoScan LIDE-210 konnte ich unter DEB 10 sofort nach dem Anschließen verwenden.
Bei älteren Versionen war es noch erforderlich XSane zu installieren.
Soll zum Bild des gescannten Textes der extrahierte Text hinzugefügt werden,
bietet es sich an dazu ocrmypdf zu installieren.

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alternativen PDF-Reader

DEB 10 benutzt den Atril Document Viewer, wärend ältere Debian Versionen Evince verwendet haben.
Eine weitere Alternative, welche auch Formulare speichern kann und TABs beherrscht, ist qpdfview.

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PostScript Interpreter

Mit CUPS wurde aller Wahrscheinlichkeit auch ghostscript installiert,
welches sich wunderbar zum Konvertieren und Editieren von z.B. PDF-Dokumenten eignet.

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Reste