Allgemein kann man sagen dass nicht jeder Hersteller einen Linux-Treiber zur Verfügung stellt.
Daher ist es sinnvoll vorher zu gucken, ob Treiber zur Verfügung stehen.
Allgemein kann man sagen, dass Multifunktions-Geräte schlechter unterstützt werden
als z.B. reine Drucker, reine Faxgeräte, reine Scanner, etc.
Ich hatte mir vor langer Zeit 2013 einen Farblaser-Drucker Brother HL-3040cn zugelegt,
weil die Tintenstrahldrucker bei mir immer eingetrocknet sind.
Daher möchte ihn als repräsentatives Beispiel verwenden für eine Installation auf DEB 10.
Zunächst sind die Druckertreiber von der entsprechenden Seite runter zu laden.
In diesem Fall ist es die Seite support.brother.com Support & Downloads HL-3040CN
Hier bin ich dann auf Downloads > Linux (deb) > ok gegangen und bin dann,
mangels Deutschem Treiber, auf der Seite mit den Englischen Treiber gelandet.
support.brother.com Downloads HL-3040CN
Dort habe ich dann, das Driver Install Tool runter geladen,
welches sich nun in
Die Datei, hier
linux-brprinter-installer-2.2.2-1.gz muss erst einmal entpackt werden.
Da beim Entpacken, die .gz Datei verschwindet, habe ich vorher eine Kopie gesichert.
gunzip linux-brprinter-installer-2.2.2-1.gz su mkdir /var/spool/lpd erleichert einem das Leben apt install lib32gcc1 lib32stdc++6 libc6-i386 bash linux-brprinter-installer-2.2.2-1 HL-3040CN You are going to install following packages. hl3040cnlpr-1.1.2-1.i386.deb hl3040cncupswrapper-1.1.2-2.i386.deb OK? [y/N] ->
Dies bestätige ich mit Y und bekomme einen Schwall an Text wie folgt
========================================= Brother License Agreement Brother retains any and all copyrights to the Software. In no case this Agreement shall be construed to assign or otherwise transfer from Brother to User any copyrights or other intellectual property rights to whole or any part of the Software. Brother grants User a non-exclusive license: to reproduce and/or distribute (via Internet or in any other manner) the Software. Further, Brother grants User a non-exclusive license to modify, alter, translate or otherwise prepare derivative works of the Software and to reproduce and distribute (via Internet or in any other manner) such modification, alteration, translation or other derivative works for any purpose. The license of the Software from Brother hereunder is granted "AS IS." BROTHER HEREBY DISCLAIMS ANY WARRANTIES WITH RESPECT TO THE SOFTWARE, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO WARRANTY FOR THE QUALITY, MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR NON-INFRINGEMENT. Brother shall have no liability in contract, tort (including negligence or breach of statutory duty) or otherwise for any interruption of use, loss of data, or for any indirect, incidental, punitive or consequential loss or damage, or for any loss of profit, revenue, data, goodwill or anticipated savings that arises under, out of, or in contemplation of this Agreement or otherwise arises due to any error, inaccuracy or defect in the Software even if Brother has been advised of the possibility of such loss or damage. Further, Brother shall have no liability to disclose and/or distribute the source cord of the Software to User under any circumstances. In no case shall the above license by Brother to modify, alter, translate or otherwise prepare derivative works of the Software be construed as Brother's implied agreement or undertakings to disclose and/or distribute the source cord of the Software. ========================================= Do you agree? [Y/n] ->
Man bestätigt wieder mit Y dass sie für nichts garantieren...
hl3040cnlpr-1.1.2-1.i386.debist offensichtlich unter GPL
Der harmlose Text in voller Länge neu umgebrochen…
wget -T 10 -nd --no-cache http://www.brother.com/pub/bsc/linux/packages/hl3040cnlpr-1.1.2-1.i386.deb --2020-12-14 15:09:11-- http://www.brother.com/pub/bsc/linux/packages/hl3040cnlpr-1.1.2-1.i386.deb Resolving www.brother.com (www.brother.com)... 184.108.40.206 Connecting to www.brother.com (www.brother.com)|220.127.116.11|:80... connected. HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK Length: 605910 (592K) [application/x-troff-man] Saving to: ‘hl3040cnlpr-1.1.2-1.i386.deb’ hl3040cnlpr-1.1.2-1 100%[===================>] 591.71K 1.65MB/s in 0.3s 2020-12-14 15:09:12 (1.65 MB/s) - ‘hl3040cnlpr-1.1.2-1.i386.deb’ saved [605910/605910] ========================================= GPL License Agreement This Software may be used in accordance with GNU General Public License (GPL). Please read carefully the following GPL and click on "I Accept" button. If you cannot agree with the following terms, please click "I don't Accept" button. In case of your non-acceptance, you can not use this Software. Note: Please click on "I Accept" while holding down "Shift" or right click on "I Accept" and select "Save Target As,,," from the menu. GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE Version 2, June 1991 Copyright (C) 1989, 1991 Free Software Foundation, Inc.51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license document, but changing it is not allowed. Preamble The licenses for most software are designed to take away your freedom to share and change it. By contrast, the GNU General Public License is intended to guarantee your freedom to share and change free software--to make sure the software is free for all its users. This General Public License applies to most of the Free Software Foundation's software and to any other program whose authors commit to using it. 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It is safest to attach them to the start of each source file to most effectively convey the exclusion of warranty; and each file should have at least the "copyright" line and a pointer to where the full notice is found.
Copyright (C) This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version. This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details. You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA Also add information on how to contact you by electronic and paper mail. If the program is interactive, make it output a short notice like this when it starts in an interactive mode: Gnomovision version 69, Copyright (C) year name of author Gnomovision comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY; for details type `show w'. This is free software, and you are welcome to redistribute it under certain conditions; type `show c' for details. The hypothetical commands `show w' and `show c' should show the appropriate parts of the General Public License. Of course, the commands you use may be called something other than `show w' and `show c'; they could even be mouse-clicks or menu items--whatever suits your program. You should also get your employer (if you work as a programmer) or your school, if any, to sign a "copyright disclaimer" for the program, if necessary. Here is a sample; alter the names: Yoyodyne, Inc., hereby disclaims all copyright interest in the program `Gnomovision' (which makes passes at compilers) written by James Hacker. , 1 April 1989 Ty Coon, President of Vice This General Public License does not permit incorporating your program into proprietary programs. If your program is a subroutine library, you may consider it more useful to permit linking proprietary applications with the library. If this is what you want to do, use the GNU Library General Public License instead of this License. ========================================= Do you agree? [Y/n] ->
Danach wird der, bereits oben erwähnte, CUPSwrapper geladen.
wget -T 10 -nd --no-cache http://www.brother.com/pub/bsc/linux/packages/hl3040cncupswrapper-1.1.2-2.i386.deb --2020-12-14 15:11:34-- http://www.brother.com/pub/bsc/linux/packages/hl3040cncupswrapper-1.1.2-2.i386.deb Resolving www.brother.com (www.brother.com)... 18.104.22.168 Connecting to www.brother.com (www.brother.com)|22.214.171.124|:80... connected. HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK Length: 12580 (12K) [application/x-troff-man] Saving to: ‘hl3040cncupswrapper-1.1.2-2.i386.deb’ hl3040cncupswrapper 100%[===================>] 12.29K --.-KB/s in 0.006s 2020-12-14 15:11:35 (2.06 MB/s) - ‘hl3040cncupswrapper-1.1.2-2.i386.deb’ saved [12580/12580] Get:1 http://security.debian.org/debian-security buster/updates InRelease [65.4 kB] Get:2 http://deb.debian.org/debian buster InRelease [121 kB] Get:3 http://deb.debian.org/debian buster-updates InRelease [51.9 kB] Get:4 http://security.debian.org/debian-security buster/updates/main Sources [156 kB] Get:5 http://security.debian.org/debian-security buster/updates/main amd64 Packages [255 kB] Get:6 http://deb.debian.org/debian buster/contrib Sources [42.5 kB] Get:7 http://deb.debian.org/debian buster/main Sources [7,842 kB] Get:8 http://security.debian.org/debian-security buster/updates/main Translation-en [139 kB] Get:9 http://deb.debian.org/debian buster/main amd64 Packages [7,907 kB] Get:10 http://deb.debian.org/debian buster/main Translation-en [5,971 kB] Get:11 http://deb.debian.org/debian buster/main amd64 Contents (deb) [37.3 MB] Get:12 http://deb.debian.org/debian buster/contrib amd64 Packages [50.2 kB] Get:13 http://deb.debian.org/debian buster/contrib Translation-en [44.2 kB] Get:14 http://deb.debian.org/debian buster/contrib amd64 Contents (deb) [103 kB] Fetched 60.1 MB in 37s (1,617 kB/s) Reading package lists... Done N: Repository 'http://deb.debian.org/debian buster InRelease' changed its 'Version' value from '10.6' to '10.7' Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state information... Done Package ia32-libs is not available, but is referred to by another package. This may mean that the package is missing, has been obsoleted, or is only available from another source However the following packages replace it: lib32z1 E: Package 'ia32-libs' has no installation candidate Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state information... Done The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required: lightning linux-headers-4.19.0-10-amd64 linux-headers-4.19.0-10-common linux-image-4.19.0-10-amd64 Use 'apt autoremove' to remove them. The following additional packages will be installed: lib32gcc1 libc6-i386 The following NEW packages will be installed: lib32gcc1 lib32stdc++6 libc6-i386 0 upgraded, 3 newly installed, 0 to remove and 141 not upgraded. Need to get 3,326 kB of archives. After this operation, 16.0 MB of additional disk space will be used. Do you want to continue? [Y/n]
Nocheinmal ist Y einzugeben…
Get:1 http://deb.debian.org/debian buster/main amd64 libc6-i386 amd64 2.28-10 [2,872 kB] Get:2 http://deb.debian.org/debian buster/main amd64 lib32gcc1 amd64 1:8.3.0-6 [47.9 kB] Get:3 http://deb.debian.org/debian buster/main amd64 lib32stdc++6 amd64 8.3.0-6 [407 kB] Fetched 3,326 kB in 2s (1,657 kB/s) Selecting previously unselected package libc6-i386. (Reading database ... 307376 files and directories currently installed.) Preparing to unpack .../libc6-i386_2.28-10_amd64.deb ... Unpacking libc6-i386 (2.28-10) ... Selecting previously unselected package lib32gcc1. Preparing to unpack .../lib32gcc1_1%3a8.3.0-6_amd64.deb ... Unpacking lib32gcc1 (1:8.3.0-6) ... Selecting previously unselected package lib32stdc++6. Preparing to unpack .../lib32stdc++6_8.3.0-6_amd64.deb ... Unpacking lib32stdc++6 (8.3.0-6) ... Setting up libc6-i386 (2.28-10) ... Setting up lib32gcc1 (1:8.3.0-6) ... Setting up lib32stdc++6 (8.3.0-6) ... Processing triggers for libc-bin (2.28-10) ... dpkg -x hl3040cnlpr-1.1.2-1.i386.deb / dpkg -x hl3040cncupswrapper-1.1.2-2.i386.deb / dpkg-deb: building package 'hl3040cnlpr' in 'hl3040cnlpr-1.1.2-1a.i386.deb'. dpkg -b ./brother_driver_packdir hl3040cnlpr-1.1.2-1a.i386.deb dpkg-deb: building package 'hl3040cncupswrapper' in 'hl3040cncupswrapper-1.1.2-2a.i386.deb'. dpkg -b ./brother_driver_packdir hl3040cncupswrapper-1.1.2-2a.i386.deb dpkg -i --force-all hl3040cnlpr-1.1.2-1a.i386.deb dpkg: warning: 'ldconfig' not found in PATH or not executable dpkg: warning: 'start-stop-daemon' not found in PATH or not executable dpkg: warning: overriding problem because --force enabled: dpkg: warning: 2 expected programs not found in PATH or not executable Note: root's PATH should usually contain /usr/local/sbin, /usr/sbin and /sbin dpkg: warning: overriding problem because --force enabled: dpkg: warning: package architecture (i386) does not match system (amd64) Selecting previously unselected package hl3040cnlpr:i386. (Reading database ... 307689 files and directories currently installed.) Preparing to unpack hl3040cnlpr-1.1.2-1a.i386.deb ... Unpacking hl3040cnlpr:i386 (1.1.2-1) ... Setting up hl3040cnlpr:i386 (1.1.2-1) ... dpkg -i --force-all hl3040cncupswrapper-1.1.2-2a.i386.deb dpkg: warning: 'ldconfig' not found in PATH or not executable dpkg: warning: 'start-stop-daemon' not found in PATH or not executable dpkg: warning: overriding problem because --force enabled: dpkg: warning: 2 expected programs not found in PATH or not executable Note: root's PATH should usually contain /usr/local/sbin, /usr/sbin and /sbin dpkg: warning: overriding problem because --force enabled: dpkg: warning: package architecture (i386) does not match system (amd64) Selecting previously unselected package hl3040cncupswrapper:i386. (Reading database ... 307729 files and directories currently installed.) Preparing to unpack hl3040cncupswrapper-1.1.2-2a.i386.deb ... Unpacking hl3040cncupswrapper:i386 (1.1.2-1) ... Setting up hl3040cncupswrapper:i386 (1.1.2-1) ... Restarting cups (via systemctl): cups.service. /opt/brother/Printers/hl3040cn/cupswrapper/cupswrapperhl3040cn: 1: /opt/brother/Printers/hl3040cn/cupswrapper/cupswrapperhl3040cn: lpinfo: not found /opt/brother/Printers/hl3040cn/cupswrapper/cupswrapperhl3040cn: 1: /opt/brother/Printers/hl3040cn/cupswrapper/cupswrapperhl3040cn: lpinfo: not found /opt/brother/Printers/hl3040cn/cupswrapper/cupswrapperhl3040cn: 308: /opt/brother/Printers/hl3040cn/cupswrapper/cupswrapperhl3040cn: lpadmin: not found ###############################ls: cannot access '/usr/share/ppd/*.ppd': No such file or directory ls: cannot access '/usr/share/cups/model/*.ppd': No such file or directory # 0: beh 1: socket 2: https 3: ipp 4: http 5: ipps 6: cups-brf:/ 7: lpd 8: dnssd://Brother%20HL-3040CN%20series._ipp._tcp.local/ 9: lpd://BRN001BA9A242E8/BINARY_P1 10 (I): Specify IP address. 11 (A): Auto. (dnssd://Brother%20HL-3040CN%20series._ipp._tcp.local/) select the number of destination Device URI. ->
Da ich den Drucker nicht über USB, sondern im LAN angeschlossen habe,
9: lpd://BRN001BA9A242E8/BINARY_P1 auszuwählen.
Da ich fälschlicherweise 7 gewählt habe, kommt eine Fehlermeldung.
Das ist aber nicht weiter schlimm, da ich das später noch korrigieren kann.
/usr/sbin/lpadmin -p HL3040CN -v lpd -E lpadmin: Bad device-uri "lpd". Test Print? [y/N] ->N ls: cannot access '/etc/udev/rules.d/*.rules': No such file or directory apt-get install libusb-0.1-4 Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state information... Done The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required: lightning linux-headers-4.19.0-10-amd64 linux-headers-4.19.0-10-common linux-image-4.19.0-10-amd64 Use 'apt autoremove' to remove them. The following NEW packages will be installed: libusb-0.1-4 0 upgraded, 1 newly installed, 0 to remove and 141 not upgraded. Need to get 23.4 kB of archives. After this operation, 59.4 kB of additional disk space will be used. Get:1 http://deb.debian.org/debian buster/main amd64 libusb-0.1-4 amd64 2:0.1.12-32 [23.4 kB] Fetched 23.4 kB in 0s (169 kB/s) Selecting previously unselected package libusb-0.1-4:amd64. (Reading database ... 307733 files and directories currently installed.) Preparing to unpack .../libusb-0.1-4_2%3a0.1.12-32_amd64.deb ... Unpacking libusb-0.1-4:amd64 (2:0.1.12-32) ... Setting up libusb-0.1-4:amd64 (2:0.1.12-32) ... Processing triggers for libc-bin (2.28-10) ...
Das Terminal-Fenster kann nun geschlossen werden.
Um zur CUPS Konfiguration zu gelangen,
kann ich in einen Browser folgende URL eingeben http://localhost:631/printers.
Hier wähle ich nun folgendes
Verwaltung > Drucker hinzufügen
Man wird dann aufgefordert, einen Benutzernamen einzugeben.
Damit es funktioniert, ist root erforderlich.
Im folgenden, kann ich einfach meinen Netzwerkdrucker auswählen.
Sollte das nicht möglich sein, kann man auch über die Funktion
Andere Netzwerkdrucker > LPD/LPR-Host oder -Drucker gehen.
Danach ist entweder die IP-Adresse oder besser der Name einzugeben.
Entsprechend heisst die Zeile dann in meinen Fall:
Optional kann man dem Tier noch einen Namen geben…
Dann den Hersteller auswählen, hier Brother.
Und dann den eigenen Drucker auswählen und den Knpof "Drucker hinzufügen" auswählen.
Früher hieß das dann "current Driver", statt "Brother HL3040CN".
Früher war es dann noch erforderlich das passende Papierformat auszuwählen.
Das ist nun automatisch wie gewünscht ausgewählt und braucht nur noch bestätigt werden.
Sind alle Einstellungen wie gewünscht, kann ich dies als Standardeinstellungen festlegen.
Der Drucker selber hat noch eine Webseite
welche man nutzen kann um z.B. den Tonerstatus zu erfahren.
Damit der Drucker nicht immer nach Hause telefonieren kann
und er keine Löcher von innen in die Firewall bohrt,
kann man das in der FritzBox Port-Konfiguration unterbinden.
Auf der Seite Drucker > HL-3040CN > Wartung > Testseite drucken
kann ich nun überprüfen ob ein Ausdruck klappt.
Sollte nichts passieren, ist es unter Umständen am einfachsten via Synaptic
den Druckertreiber und Wrapper "hl3040…" zu de-installieren
und wieder von vorne anzufangen.
Manchmal ist es sehr hilfreich, statt auf Papier, in eine PDF-Datei zu drucken.
Dies kann man erreichen, indem man
In der Verwaltung unter
finde ich nun noch einen Drucker Namens PDF,
welchen ich ebenso konfigurieren kann, wie den anderen Drucker.
Das Druckergebnis landet im Home-Verzeicnis unter
Weitere Tips wie Speicherort ändern, gleiche Dateien nicht überschreiben, etc.
siehe wiki.ubuntuusers.de CUPS-PDF.
Eigentlich ist das Drucksystem mittlerweile recht stabil geworden,
sodass die folgenden Kommandos eigentlich nicht mehr nötig sind.
/etc/init.d/lpr restart des Drucker-Systems CUPS-printer per Hand konfigurieren -E encription -p printer name -v device-uri lpadmin -E -p HL3040CN -v lpd://BRN001BA9A242E8/BINARY_P1
Den USB-Scanner CanoScan LIDE-210 konnte ich unter DEB 10 sofort nach dem Anschließen verwenden.
Bei älteren Versionen war es noch erforderlich
XSane zu installieren.
Soll zum Bild des gescannten Textes der extrahierte Text hinzugefügt werden,
bietet es sich an dazu
ocrmypdf zu installieren.
DEB 10 benutzt den
Atril Document Viewer,
wärend ältere Debian Versionen
Evince verwendet haben.
Eine weitere Alternative, welche auch Formulare speichern kann und TABs beherrscht, ist
Mit CUPS wurde aller Wahrscheinlichkeit auch
welches sich wunderbar zum Konvertieren und Editieren von z.B. PDF-Dokumenten eignet.